Fast facts about Red Fort, Delhi
When it was built: 1648
By whom it was built: Mughal Emperor Shahajahan
Nature of the building: Fort
History of Red Fort, Delhi
Mughal Emperor, Shahjahan began constructing Red Fort in Old
Delhi in 1638 so that it could function as a center for Mughal
government. So halls of public and private audience, domed and
arched marble palaces, private apartments and even a mosque,
was built inside it. Lal Quila was attacked by the Persian Emperor
Nadir Shah in 1739, and by the British soldiers during the war
of independence in 1857.
Features of Red Fort, Delhi
Lal Quila, or the Red Fort, conjures up the image of red sandstone
walls full of turrets and bastions. Founded on a dry moat in
the northeast corner of Shahjahanabad, the walls extend up to
two kilometers and are as high as 33 meters.
- The fort's center is Naubat Khana or the Drum House
where the musicians used to play for the emperor and announce
the arrival of royalty.
- Diwan-i-Amor, is the Hall of Public Audiences where
the Emperor used to listen to the complaints of his subjects.
- Similarly, the Emperor held private meetings in the
Diwan-i-Khas, the hall of private audiences in which the centre-piece
or the Peacock Throne was later carried away to Iran by Nadir
Shah in 1739.
- The hammams or the Royal Baths, the Shahi Burj- Shahjahan's
private working area, and the Moti Masjid or the Pearl Mosque,
built by Aurangzeb for his personal use-draw equal attention
from the tourists.
- The Rang Mahal or the 'Palace of Colors' for the Emperor's
wives and mistresses, display gilded turrets, mosaics of mirrors,
and a ceiling overlaid with gold and silver reflected in a pool
on the marble floor.
Don't Miss in Red Fort, Delhi
You have to enter Red Fort, Delhi through the lofty Lahore
Gate, which structurally faces Lahore, now in Pakistan. You
would feel thrilled to remember that several speeches were delivered
by freedom fighters and national leaders of India here since
the first war of independence
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