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India Profile  »  Medical Tourism In India  »  Surgery in India  »  Thoracic Surgery India - Cardio Thoracic Surgery

Thoracic Surgery India - Cardio Thoracic Surgery

Apollos Cardio Thoracic Surgery Department is renowned for its group of surgeons and is one of the largest Cardio Vascular groups in the world. Apollo’s department of cardiology specializes in common heart problems such as coronary arteries, angina, valvular heart disease and heart failure. It is well equipped with all the latest discoveries in cardiac care and therapies. It has advanced procedures to help diagnose and treat patients with cardiovascular ailments. Thoracic Surgery is surgery involving the areas of the chest; chest wall, heart, lungs and esophagus.

Cardiac Surgery:

Cardiac surgery is surgery of the heart or the other primary blood vessels which include Vena cavae, Pulmonary artery, Pulmonary veins, Aorta. Heart diseases also include Ischaemic heart disease meaning diseases characterized by reduced blood supply, Congenital heart disease, heart disease that exists at birth and other problems caused by endocarditis, which leads to treating valves, and includes heart transplantation are other serious heart disorders.

Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery
Fat, cholesterol and other substances clog the coronary arteries and so the flow of blood to the heart vessels becomes slow leading to chest pain or heart attack. Increasing the blood flow can reduce the risk of heart attack.

Around the blocked part of the coronary artery the surgeon make a bypass by using a healthy blood vessel from another part of the body.

-The open end of an artery detached from the chest wall can be attached below the blocked area of the coronary artery.
-A large vein is taken from the leg, one end of which is attached to the aorta of the heart while the other end is grafted just below the blocked area of the coronary artery.
-These two bypasses ensure free flow of blood to the heart muscle.

Depending on the blockage of the coronary artery one, two, three or more bypass grafts can de done on a patient.

Heart Valve Surgery
Heart Valve surgery includes the repair or the replacement of the four valves inside the heart that pass blood unidirectional. These valves may become narrowed causing obstruction to the flow of the blood or it may allow blood to flow back to the heart. This leads to the inefficient functioning of the heart. Infection or endocarditis also cause damage to these valves. Aortic and mitral valves are the most commonly involved valves. The surgery involves the replacement of these valves.

Aortic Surgery
Aorta is the main blood vessel passing through the heart that provides blood to all the other parts of the body. It may become diseased by enlargement or by separating into outer and inner layer. The diseased segment is replaced through surgery.

Atrail Septal Defect
This is a congenital or birth defect. The atrail defect is a hole in the wall between the left atrium and the right atrium. This usually results in the mixing of the blood across the hole which causes symptoms of breathlessness. The atrail defect can be repaired by closing the patch.

Cardiac conditions that are treated in Apollo are as follows:
1. Heart attacks
2. Arrhythmias
3. Mitral stenosis and insufficiency
4. Aortic stenosis and insufficiency
5. Aortic disease
6. Coronary artery disease
7. Hypercholesterolemia and risk factor modification
8. Myocardial Infarction
9. Mitral valve prolapse
10. Heart disease symptoms including angina, shortness of breath and palpitations.
11. Vascular disease
12. Congestive heart failure
13. Atrial fibrillation and flutter

Lung Diseases
We breathe in air that carries oxygen, needed for our pulmonary system to function. But the air we breathe in contains many contaminations. Our lungs remain exposed to airborne viruses and bacteria and allergens which can cause many disorders in our lungs.

Lung diseases can cause severe damage to our respiratory system. Asthma, lung cancer, cystic fibrosis and emphysema are the more serious lung diseases which require medical attention for a healthy respiratory system. Early diagnosis always aids in proper treatment and easy recovery. Some of the symptoms, which may indicate that one is ailing from serious lung disorders, are difficulty in breathing properly; incessant coughing that lasts longer than a normal cold or shortness of breath.

Asthma, a disorder of the respiratory system which constricts the air passage. Allergen, cold or emotional stress are the causes that lead to the inflammation of the air passage. This narrowing of the airway triggers of shortness of breath, chest tightness, wheezing, coughing. When the disorder becomes chronic it has to be controlled with a combination of drugs and exercises. Asthma can be life threatening too.

Cystic Fibrosis is a hereditary lung disease. The common symptoms of this disease are difficulty in breathing, frequent lung infections, sinus infections, infertility, poor growth and diarrhea. This lung disorder affects the entire body causes disability and early death. This lung disease can be treated with medications but it is not curable. When Cystic Fibrosis worsens, lung transplantation is needed.

Emphysema is another chronic lung disorder. Continuous smoking or over exposure to toxic chemicals can cause emphysema. The lung looses its elasticity as the capillaries feeding the alveoli are damaged. The airways in the lungs do not function while breathing out which leads to air being trapped in the lungs. This is an obstructive lung disease which causes shortness of breath, an expanded chest and hyperventilation. In extreme cases clubbing of he fingers may be observed.

Lung Cancer is the most severe of cancers affecting millions all over the world. Malignant tumors found in the lungs lead to lung cancer. Exposure to tobacco smoke that contains carcinogens is one of the leading causes for lung cancer. Shortness of breath, coughing up blood, chronic cough, wheezing, chest and abdomen ache, weight loss, fatigue and loss of appetite, difficulty in swallowing, hoarse voice and clubbing of the nails are the symptoms that suggests lung cancer. Radiotherapy, Chemotherapy and surgery are the possible treatments for lung cancer.

Apollo Hospitals are well equipped to handle any of the crisis related to lung disorders. The respiratory medicine department work with qualified doctors competent in handling complicated cases. It was the pioneer to start using Broncoscopy by Respiratory Physicians and currently does Bronco Alveolar Lavage, Bronchial Biopsy, Bronchial wash, Transbronchial Lung Biopsy, Bronchial Brush Cytology. Flexible Fibreoptic Bronchoscopy and Rigid Bronchocopy is performed for both diagnostic and therapeutic purposes. Bronchoscopic stenting and Video bronchoscopy are done with complicated methods like insertion of Brachytherapy Catheters.

The Respiratory diseases handled by the department are: -
1. Obstructive Lung Diseases
Asthma and Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, Cystic Fibrosis, Bronchiolitis, Bullons Diseases of the Lungs and Upper Airway Obstruction.
2. Occupational and Environmental Disorders
3. Drug Induced Lung Injuries due to Chemotherapeutic and non-chemotherapeutic agents.
4. Interstitial and Inflammatory Diseases including
Interstitial Lung Disease Sarcoidosis, Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis Hypersensitivity Pneumonitis, Radiation Pneumonitis Eosinophilic Pneumonia, Pulmonary Manifestations of Collagen Vascular Diseases Depositional and Infiltrative Disorders
5. Alveolar Diseases like Alveolar Hemorrhage Syndromes, Pulmonary Alveolar Proteinosis (PAP), Aspiration Disorders.
6. Pulmonary Circulation Disorders
7. Pleural Diseases
8. Mediastinal Diseases
9. Chest Wall, Spinal & Diaphragmatic Diseases
10. Sleep Disorders - Sleep Apnoea Syndromes (SAS)
11. Lung Surgery - Lobectomy, Pneumenectomy, Pleural decortication, Lung Transplantation.
12. Lung Cancer
13. Infectious Lung Diseases like Bronchitis, Pneumonia, Empyema, Bronchiectasis, Sepsis, Aspiration Syndromes, Immuno compromised & Transplant patients, Tuberculosis (TB).
14. Acute & Chronic Lung Failure

Lung Surgery
To treat lung problems lung surgery is often recommended. Lumps found in the lungs are removed through surgery while other conditions such as collapsed lung or fluid around the lung also needs lung surgery

Lung mass found in any part of the lung has to be removed to check its malignancy and then other treatments follow suit. Lung resection or removal of a part of lung is done to examine the growth in the lungs.

A collapsed lung occurs when the thin lung wall is torn and air leaks into the pleural space. Surgery is done by placing tube to drain air. The lung re-expands and the lung wall is repaired.

Fluid around the lungs is another cause for lung surgery. Tubes are placed in the pleural area to drain off the fluid. Lung infection causes fluid around the lungs.

Lung surgery involves in making small or large incisions on the chest wall to view the lungs. Thoracoscopy and Thoracotomy are the two ways to perform lung surgery. The initial method involves small incisions on the chest wall and inserting thin tubes with cameras to view the lungs on a video monitor. The second method is to make larger incisions on the chest wall to allow the surgeon to have a direct view of the condition of the lungs.

(In US $)
Twin Sharing
(In US $)
1) Coronary Angioplasty
  (Including one Medicated Stent)
2 Days 6700 6450
2) CABG (Normal) 8 Days 8400 6700
3) AVR/MVR (including one valve) - Normal 10 Days 11200 9700


  • Prices are subject to change or withdrawal without notice.
  • These are indicative prices only and may vary depending on the conditon of the patient, at the time of admission.
  • Apollo will provide final estimates at the time of patient's admission.
  • Single room is well furnished with Bed, Sofa-cum-Bed for Companion, Cupboard, Medicine Drawer, TV, Telephone and Wi-fi facility for Internet access. Mobile phones are available on request.
  • Stay and food for one Companion with patient in a Single Room is included in the above packages.
  • Services like Mobile, Laundry etc. will be charged extra.
  • Post-stay outside the Hospital is at the personal expense of the patient and is not included in the above prices.
  • 1 US $ = INR 45

With the advancement of medical science and technological growth doctors are more equipped and competent to handle Thoracic surgeries. offers information regarding thoracic surgeries in association with the best medical facilities of Apollo Hospitals.

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