Reconstructive Surgery as the name suggests is a surgery to rebuild or remodel parts of anatomy that has been damaged or malformed. Plastic surgery or cosmetic surgery is definitely part of the reconstruction surgery although reconstructive surgery also includes hip replacement, repairing of tendons which is rotator cuff, straightening angular bone or osteotomy. Reconstruction surgery means efforts to repair the anatomy and to normalize its function. Other surgeries such as dentistry, oral, pediatric, gynecological surgery falls under the reconstructive surgery. With the advancement of years, surgery does not just save lives but creates or recreates the beauty of the human anatomy. Cosmetic laser surgery bestows one with a set of beautiful skin free of acne and other deformities.
Reconstruction Surgery can be broadly divided into:
-Orthopedic Surgery: Hip Replacement
Facial Blood Vessels
Genetic factors, environmental issues, spicy food, alcohol, extremes of weather all add up to the development of facial capillaries and roscaea. The development of blood vessels and the ruddiness of the face can often result in adult acne.
Effective treatment of facial blood vessels is best done by laser technology, the pulse dye laser. The V-Beam laser is the most advanced form of pulse dye laser. Broken blood vessels can be dealt with anywhere in the face including the nose, cheek and the chin.
Exposure to the sun and genetic factors are reasons enough for those “liver spots” or “age spots” on the cheek and nose. Though it is generally believed hat these brown spots are due to age but in contrary they are spots which appear due to exposure to the sun and can appear in arms and chests too.
Variety of laser treatment can effectively remove these brown spots or lentigines. Q-switched Alexandrite or Nd-YAG lasers are used for the treatment of these spots. Photofacials and intense pulse light sources can also be used to remove age spots. Those who would additionally like to treat their skin for the fine wrinkles, textures, acne, pores, scars and other skin imperfections can undertake treatment with the fraxel laser.
Acne and Surgical Scars
Acne is the most common skin problem. Resurfacing lasers like CO2 or erbium can improve acne scars. Fraxel laser can improve appearance of acne and surgical scars anywhere in the body by 50%.
Photodamage of the Neck and Chest
Various laser techniques are effective enough to remove the poikiloderma or the photodamage of the neck and the chest.
It is a facial pigmentation specially found in women which is related to use of birth control measures, pregnancy and sun. Fraxel Laser technology treats melasma effectively.
Cosmetic eye correction center
Under eye darkness: The under eye darkness can be corrected by effective prescription of medication, intense pulsed light, chemical peel, laser skin resurfacing and dermal fillers.
Laser Eye Surgery
A minimally invasive laser treatment which reshapes the cornea and helps the eye to focus properly is the laser vision correction of the eye. This treatment is effective enough to reduce or eliminate the use of contact lens or eyeglasses.
Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Oral and Maxillofacial surgery treats extraction of wisdom teeth, tumors or cysts of the jaw and the mouth, misaligned jaws and dental implantation. Defects and diseases in the, face and jaws, head, neck and the hard and soft tissues of the maxillofacial region are corrected through surgery.
Cosmetic Dental Surgery Include:
-Impacted and buried teeth often cause serious problems and so do cysts. Oral and Dentoalveolar Surgery is often recommended to correct the problem.
-Bone augmentation needs Preprosthetic Surgery.
-Missing teeth replacement, stabilizing dentures, tumors and retaining facial prostheses are associated with dental implantation and bone grafting.
-Dentofacial deformities need Orthognathic surgery.
-For Facial bone fractures facial trauma surgery is suggested.
-Surgery of the cleft lip and palate.
-Facial Plastic Surgery
-Temporomandibular joint disorder.
Dental Implant is implantation of an artificial tooth or crown into your jaw to replace tooth or bridge. People with good general oral health who have lost a tooth due to periodontal disease or injury go for dental implantation. Dental implants have a natural feel and look natural too. Dental implants can make one feel confident again. With proper dental care, implants can last a lifetime. Dental Implants can replace one or two teeth without affecting the neighboring teeth. It gives you the feel of a natural tooth
Most common hand surgeries include repairing injures of hands, nerves, tendons, blood vessels and joints. Bone fractures, burns and cuts are the other injuries to the skin that needs proper treatment and surgical correction and medication. Plastic surgeons use numerous techniques to repair the damages done. Skin grafting, Flap Surgery, replantation and transplantation are the various surgical methods to restore the hands of its deformities.
Grafting: Grafting is transfer of nerves, tissues, skin and bone from other healthy parts of the body to repair the injured portion of the hand.
Flap Surgery requires moving from the healthy part of the body to the injured part, skin with the fat layer underneath, muscles, vessels and tissues.
Replantation involves microsurgery usually performed under magnification. These injuries are generally performed on accidentally amputated hands and may require various operations over a continued period of time.
Surgery of the hands may restore feelings and may function naturally after a period of time. Complete post operation therapy is needed for proper function.
Foot, an important part of the body that is responsible enough to keep us on our toes through out the day, needs good care as well as good pampering. It is one of the most complex parts of the human anatomy since it consists of 38 bones connected by tendons, ligaments, muscles and many joints. Since its keeps our body weight it is prone to many stresses. Injury, inflammation and pain are the common ailments of the foot. Often complicated problems in the foot need correction through surgery. Heel Spurs, Foot Corn Bunion, Morton’s neuroma, Hammertoes, Ankle Sprain, Achilles Tendon Injury are the various deformities of the foot that can be corrected through surgery.
Orthopedic Surgery: Hip Replacement
Total hip replacement surgery is one of the most common orthopedic procedures. Hip replacement is a medical procedure in which the hip joint is replaced by a synthetic implant. It is the most successful, cheapest and safest form of joint replacement surgery
Hip replacement surgery involves replacing the femoral head — the "ball" of your thighbone — with a metal ball. The metal ball attaches to a metal stem that fits into your thighbone. A plastic and metal socket is implanted into your pelvic bone to replace the damaged socket. The prosthetic parts, which mimic the natural design of your hip, fit together and function like a normal hip joint. During the operation, the surgeon separates your thighbone from the socket. Working between the large hip muscles, the surgeon removes the diseased or damaged bone and tissue, leaving healthy bone and tissue intact. The artificial socket is pressed into place. The top end of the thighbone is hollowed out to allow insertion of the metal stem with the attached ball. The ball and the socket join to form the new hip joint.
Rotator Cuff is the merging of tendons on the superior lateral part of the upper arm. The tendons attach the shoulder muscle to the bone and help to lower and raise the arm and rotate the arm in and out. If the rotator cuff is torn significantly, surgery is generally recommended. This is to avoid the humeral head from jabbing up through the tear against the bony acromion. This often leads to arthritis of the shoulder joint. Through surgery the tear is sewn and again attached to the bony insertion on the lateral border of the humerus.
It is a surgery of the bone when it is either lengthened, shortened or its alignment is changed. In this procedure the surgeon often removes a wedge bone near a damaged joint. Hip joint and knee joint pains are relieved though this surgery.
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