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India Profile  »  Medical Tourism In India  »  Surgery in India  »  Orthopaedic Surgery India

Orthopaedic Surgery India

Orthopedic surgery or orthopedics is the branch of surgery concerned with acute, chronic, traumatic, and overuse injuries and other disorders of the musculoskeletal system. Orthopedic surgeons address most musculoskeletal ailments including arthritis, trauma and congenital deformities using both surgical and non-surgical means. Nicholas Andry coined the word "orthopaedics", derived from Greek words for "correct" or "straight" and "child" in 1741, when at the age of 81 he published Orthopaedia: or the Art of Correcting and Preventing Deformities in Children.

Orthopedic surgeons are MDs generally with a five to seven years of advanced postgraduate training and may serve a fellowship for training in any of several sub-specialty areas, such as sports medicine, traumatology, reconstructive surgery, hand surgery, foot & ankle surgery, spine Surgery, rheumatological surgery, pediatric orthopedics, geriatric orthopedics, or industrial medicine.

Orthopedic surgeons work closely with many allied health professionals, such as athletic trainers, physical therapists, occupational therapists, physical medicine & rehabilitation physcians and other physicians in related fields in the treatment of patients.

The top 25 most common procedures performed by orthopedic surgeons are as follows:

  • Knee arthroscopy and menisectomy
  • Shoulder arthroscopy and decompression
  • Carpal tunnel release
  • Knee arthroscopy and chondroplasty
  • Removal of support implant
  • Knee arthroscopy and anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction
  • Knee replacement
  • Repair of femoral neck fracture
  • Repair of trochanteric fracture
  • Debridement of skin/muscle/bone/fracture
  • Knee arthroscopy repair of both menisci
  • Hip replacement
  • Shoulder arthroscopy/distal clavicle excision
  • Repair of rotator cuff tendon
  • Repair fracture of radius (bone)/ulna
  • Laminectomy
  • Repair of ankle fracture (bimalleolar type)
  • Shoulder arthroscopy and debridement
  • Lumbar spinal fusion
  • Repair fracture of the distal part of radius
  • Low back intervertebral disc surgery
  • Incise finger tendon sheath
  • Repair of ankle fracture (fibula)
  • Repair of femoral shaft fracture
  • Repair of trochanteric fracture

    Pediatric orthopaedics:

    The treatment of children with musculoskeletal problems remains an integral part of modern orthopedic surgery. Many fractures and injuries occur in children due to their high activity level and unique immature skeleton. Treatment of fractures in children is different than adults due to active growth plates in their bones. Damage to the growth plate can lead to significant problems with later bone growth, and at-risk fractures have to be monitored with care.

    The treatment of scoliosis is a mainstay of pediatric orthopaedics. For poorly understood reasons, curvature develops in the spine of some children, which if left untreated leads to undesirable deformity and may progress to cause chronic pain and breathing problems. The treatment of scoliosis is quite complicated and often involves a combination of bracing and surgery.

    Children have other unique musculoskeletal conditions that have been a focus of orthopedics since Hippocrates, including conditions such as club foot and congenital dislocation of hip (also known as developmental dysplasia of the hip). In addition, infections in bones and joints (osteomyelitis) in children are common. In the US, specialized hospitals such as the Shriners hospitals have provided a substantial portion of treatment for children with musculoskeletal deformities and diseases.

    Hip Replacement Surgery:

    Hip replacement surgery involves replacing the femoral head — the "ball" of your thighbone — with a metal ball. The metal ball attaches to a metal stem that fits into your thighbone. A plastic and metal socket is implanted into your pelvic bone to replace the damaged socket. The prosthetic parts which mimic the natural design of your hip, fit together and function like a normal hip joint.

    Artificial hip joints come in many varieties. Generally your surgeon decides which hip joint is the best for you. Materials used in making the prostheses include a combination of durable, wear-resistant plastic and metals, including stainless steel and titanium. Implants are biocompatible — meaning they're designed to be accepted by your body — and they're made to resist corrosion, degradation and wear.

    Hip replacement surgery usually takes two to three hours, during which time you'll be under general or regional anesthesia. During the operation, the surgeon separates your thighbone from the socket. Working between the large hip muscles, the surgeon removes the diseased or damaged bone and tissue, leaving healthy bone and tissue intact. The artificial socket is pressed into place. The top end of the thighbone is hollowed out to allow insertion of the metal stem with the attached ball. The ball and the socket join to form the new hip joint.

    Knee Replacement Procedure:

    During the procedure, your knee is in a bent position so that all surfaces of the joint are fully exposed. After making an incision between 6 and 12 inches in length, your surgeon moves aside your muscles, kneecap and connective tissues and cuts away the damaged joint surface. He or she takes measurements to ensure a good fit for your new prosthesis and smoothens your bones' rough edges. The surgeon then inserts the prosthesis. Before closing the incision, he or she bends and rotates your knee, testing and balancing it to ensure that it functions properly. Some people choose to have both knees replaced at the same time.

    Neck surgery:

    Neck surgery has made major advancements in both technique and spinal instrumentation/implants over the past couple of decades, but by far the most significant advancement in Neck surgery has been better preoperative imaging techniques. Specifically, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI scan) has revolutionized spine surgery. It is most often the best test to identify an anatomical lesion responsible for the patient’s problem. The most important factor in the determination of the success in spine surgery is proper preoperative diagnosis. Without an accurate preoperative diagnosis, even the most technically successful surgery has little chance for a successful outcome.

    Although Neck surgery is performed by either orthopedic surgeons or neurosurgeons, it is increasingly becoming a field unto itself. Many surgeons are doing additional specialized training in the field after their residency training (fellowship training). Given the precision required for these more demanding surgical techniques, many orthopedic or neurosurgeons with fellowship training are choosing to focus more of their practice on spine surgery. Some believe that the increased level of specialty training and focus on the spine has contributed to enhancements in surgical technique, which in turn has led to overall improved success rates and reduced morbidity.

    Technique of the ACL Surgery:

    The Arthroscopic ACL Reconstruction is the incidence of post operative neuromas of the infrapatellar branch of the saphenous nerve. Doctors prefer the patellar tendon as a graft, although recent reports have found no significant difference between patellar tendon and hamstring grafts. In a revision reconstruction they may choose to use allograft if available.

    Orthopaedicians in India do not see many knee injuries in sportsmen but more injuries in two wheeler accidents. Arthroscopically doctors can inspect the rest of the knee for concomitant damage. Meniscal and cartilage tears can be addressed arthroscopically.

    Orthopedic Surgeries India:

    Apollo's Department of Orthopaedics provides the most competent and professional treatment of trauma of the musculo-skeletal system. Fully-equipped and advanced operating theatres and facilities enable excellent perioperative care. The Department is supported by a full-fledged rehabilitation team.

    It is equipped with sophisticated equipment to facilitate the latest surgeries including:

  • Trauma
  • Complicated Joint Replacements
  • Microsurgeries
  • Spine surgeries & Spine Arthroplasties
  • Deformity correction of spine and limbs
  • Minimal-access orthopaedic procedures
  • Image-guided studies

    Apollo's Orthpedic Centre has transfigured orthopedic surgeries with its professionalism and quality. It offers a contemporary approach in a soothing and aesthetic environment. Apollo hospitals have the obligatory skill to treat the above diseases. The Hospitals with their highly skilled Surgeries are at par to international standards. They treat deformities, injury related conditions and personal grooming requirements. A complete range of treatments is delivered by highly qualified and experienced orthopedic professionals.

    SPECIALITIES /PROCEDURES Hospital Stay Single Room
    (In US $)
    Twin Sharing
    (In US $)
    Knee Replacement
    1) Single (Including Implant) 7 Days 8200 6900
    2) Double (Including Implant) 14 Days 14700 12500
    Hip Replacement
    1) Single (Including Implant) Cemented 7 Days 8000 6800
    2) Double (Including Implant) 14 Days 14600 12500
    3) Hip Resurfacing 7 Days 7800 6200
    Shoulder Replacement
    1) Single (Including Implant) 7 Days 8200 6500
    2) Double (Including Implant) 14 Days 15000 13000
    Arthroscopic Surgery
    1) Memisectomy 1 Day 3100 2600
    2) Shaving of Cartilage 1 Day 2600 2200
    3) Anterior Cruciate Ligament 3 Days 4100 3200
    1) Cervical (Including implant) 7 Days 10000 8500
    2) Lumber (Including implant) 7 Days 10000 8500
    3) Bunionectomy 3 Days 4000 3500


    • Prices are subject to change or withdrawal without notice.
    • These are indicative prices only and may vary depending on the conditon of the patient, at the time of admission.
    • Apollo will provide final estimates at the time of patient's admission.
    • Single room is well furnished with Bed, Sofa-cum-Bed for Companion, Cupboard, Medicine Drawer, TV, Telephone and Wi-fi facility for Internet access. Mobile phones are available on request.
    • Stay and food for one Companion with patient in a Single Room is included in the above packages.
    • Services like Mobile, Laundry etc. will be charged extra.
    • Post-stay outside the Hospital is at the personal expense of the patient and is not included in the above prices.
    • 1 US $ = INR 45 offers diagnosis and treatment for Orthopedic Surgery. Log on to it to get the information regarding the concerned diseases, its diagnosis and its different forms of treatments.

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