Open Heart surgery is a surgery that requires opening the chest to perform the surgery of the heart. Open Heart generally denotes opening of the chest to perform surgery and not the heart as the heart may or may not be opened since many alternative methods of surgeries are available. Surgery of the heart muscle, arteries, valves and other structures are included in open-heart surgery. With the advancement of medical science and technological growth doctors are more equipped and competent to handle open-heart surgeries. Indiaprofile.com offers information regarding heart surgeries in association with the best medical facilities of Apollo Hospitals.
Open Heart Surgery
During a conventional open-heart surgery, a heart lung machine is used to provide blood to the brain and other vital organs of the body. It supplies oxygen and removes carbon dioxide from the body. New procedures of heart surgery which are minimal invasive surgery done through small cuts made on the heart or robotic assisted heart surgery, are also included in open heart surgery which is confusing. However these surgeries are performed on patients as an alternative to the open-heart surgery that also requires the heart-lung machine.
Heart surgery is a surgery of the heart or of primary blood vessels like Vena cavae, Pulmonary artery, Pulmonary veins, Aorta. Reduced blood supply to the heart includes Heart diseases also include Ischaemic heart disease. Congenital heart disease, heart disease that exists at birth and other problems caused by endocarditis, which leads to treating valves, and includes heart transplantation are other serious heart disorders.
The following are the open-heart surgeries that are performed with the heart lung machine as the support system :
Bypass (cardiac revascularization)
Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery
Fat, cholesterol and other substances clog the coronary arteries and so the flow of blood to the heart vessels becomes slow leading to chest pain or heart attack. Increasing the blood flow can reduce the risk of heart attack.
Around the blocked part of the coronary artery the surgeon make a bypass by using a healthy blood vessel from another part of the body.
-The open end of an artery detached from the chest wall can be attached below the blocked area of the coronary artery.
-A large vein is taken from the leg, one end of which is attached to the aorta of the heart while the other end is grafted just below the blocked area of the coronary artery.
-These two bypasses ensure free flow of blood to the heart muscle.
Depending on the blockage of the coronary artery one, two, three or more bypass grafts can de done on a patient.
Heart Valve Surgery
Heart Valve surgery includes the repair or the replacement of the four valves inside the heart that pass blood unidirectional. These valves may become narrowed causing obstruction to the flow of the blood or it may allow blood to flow back to the heart. This leads to the inefficient functioning of the heart. Infection or endocarditis also cause damage to these valves. Aortic and mitral valves are the most commonly involved valves. The surgery involves the replacement of these valves.
Aorta is the main blood vessel passing through the heart that provides blood to all the other parts of the body. It may become diseased by enlargement or by separating into outer and inner layer. The diseased segment is replaced through surgery.
Atrail Septal Defect
This is a congenital or birth defect. The atrail defect is a hole in the wall between the left atrium and the right atrium. This usually results in the mixing of the blood across the hole which causes symptoms of breathlessness. The atrail defect can be repaired by closing the patch.
Removing a diseased heart and replacing it with a healthy heart is heart transplantation. Healthy heart can be obtained from donors who are brain dead but on life support system. The healthy heart when removed is preserved in a solution. With the patient in deep anesthetic sleep, a cut is made on his breastbone. The heart-lung bypass machine is used for the oxygen rich blood to be supplied to the brain and other important organs of the body. The diseased heart is removed and the donorís heart is stitched in place. The heart-lung machine is removed and the blood flows through the transplanted heart.
There are major risks attached to heart transplantation. Drug infection is one of the infections that have to be looked into with great care. Heart transplantation gives life to the patient for a period of two years after the operation. The graft rejection is the major cause of the short span of life expectancy after surgery.
Apollos Cardiology and Cardio Thoracic Surgery Department is renowned for its group of surgeons and is one of the largest Cardio Vascular groups in the world. Apolloís department of cardiology specializes in common heart problems such as coronary arteries, angina, valvular heart disease and heart failure. It is well equipped with all the latest discoveries in cardiac care and therapies. It has advanced procedures to help diagnose and treat patients with cardiovascular ailments.
Cardiac conditions that are treated in Apollo are as follows:
1. Heart attacks
3. Mitral stenosis and insufficiency
4. Aortic stenosis and insufficiency
5. Aortic disease
6. Coronary artery disease
7. Hypercholesterolemia and risk factor modification
8. Myocardial Infarction
9. Mitral valve prolapse
10. Heart disease symptoms including angina, shortness of breath and palpitations.
11. Vascular disease
12. Congestive heart failure
13. Atrial fibrillation and flutter
(In US $)
(In US $)
|1) Coronary Angioplasty
(Including one Medicated Stent)
|2) CABG (Normal)
|3) AVR/MVR (including one valve) - Normal
|PAEDIATRIC CARDIAC SURGERIES|
|1) ASD/VSD Device closure
- Prices are subject to change or withdrawal without notice.
- These are indicative prices only and may vary depending on the conditon of the patient, at the time of admission.
- Apollo will provide final estimates at the time of patient's admission.
- Single room is well furnished with Bed, Sofa-cum-Bed for Companion, Cupboard, Medicine Drawer, TV, Telephone and
Wi-fi facility for Internet access. Mobile phones are available on request.
- Stay and food for one Companion with patient in a Single Room is included in the above packages.
- Services like Mobile, Laundry etc. will be charged extra.
- Post-stay outside the Hospital is at the personal expense of the patient and is not included in the above prices.
- 1 US $ = INR 45
Apollo Hospitalís Cardiology and Cardio Thoracic Surgery Department is at par to international standards.Indiaprofile.com offers information on Open Heart Surgery. Log on to it to get the information about Apollo hospitalís best surgeons performing open-heart surgeries such as bypass surgeries, angina, valvular heart disease and other heart diseases.