Definition of Gastric Bypass
Gastric bypass is a type of surgery in which the stomach
is reduced in size by one of several methods. This smaller
stomach is then reconnected or bypassed to the small
intestine. Having a gastric bypass can help speed weight
loss by making it difficult to eat too much food at
one time and to feel satisfied after very small meals.
Who can go for Gastric Bypass?
Only the people satisfying all the features or majority
of them are treated with a Gastric Bypass by the Doctors:
# Ones having Body Mass Index above 40
# Those who are 100 pounds/45 kg or more over
their estimated ideal
# Age between 18 and 55 years
# Failure of dietary or weight-loss drug therapy
for more than one year
# History of obesity (generally 5 years or more)
# Comprehension of the risks and benefits of
the procedure and willingness to comply with the substantial
lifelong dietary restrictions required for long term
# Acceptable operative risk.
Who can't go for the treatment?
# If the surgery or treatment represents an
unreasonable risk to the patient.
# Untreated glandular diseases such as hypothyroidism.
# Inflammatory diseases of the gastrointestinal
tract such as ulcers, esophagitis or Crohn's disease.
# Severe cardiopulmonary diseases or other conditions
which may make them poor surgical candidates in general.
# An allergic reaction to materials contained
in the band or who have exhibited pain intolerance to
# Dependency on alcohol or drugs.
# Mentally retarded or emotionally unstable people.
The Gastric Bypass Diet
The gastric bypass diet unfolds in several stages.
Meals on the new menu will be much smaller than normal,
and the foods eaten must be very smooth in texture.
On all stages of the diet, it is especially important
to drink enough water, and to take vitamin and mineral
supplements as prescribed.
# Clear Liquids - This
is the first stage of the gastric bypass diet. Clear
liquids mean the beverages that you can almost see through
which usually last for a day or two after the operation.
The clear liquid diet starts with sips of water, and
then allows foods like sugar-free juice, diet gelatin,
bullion or clear broth, and flat diet soda in small
amounts, usually 2-3 ounces at a time.
# Low-Fat Full Liquids
- Only after having no problem with the clear liquids,
the gastric bypass diet advances to high-protein liquids
like Diet Carnation Instant Breakfast, Ensure, or Sustacal.
This stage of the diet is started before discharge from
the hospital and lasts for 1 to 2 weeks. Patients are
also advised to begin taking a chewable multivitamin/
mineral supplement at this stage.
# Soft/Puree Diet -Some
patients are able to start this diet after they have
been out of the hospital for about two weeks. Others
may need to wait longer. The purée diet includes
very soft, high-protein foods like scrambled egg, low-fat
cheese or cottage cheese, or blenderized lean meats
like tuna fish, chicken, or pork. Some patients find
it more convenient to use strained baby foods.
# Regular Diet - The
regular diet starts about 8 weeks or later after gastric
bypass surgery. While this diet includes all 5 food
groups. Each meal or snack should be small, with liquids
consumed in between meals.
The way to eat:
The new stomach can only hold 1/2 cup at a time.
So be careful about all these:
# Eat 3 to 6 small meals a day
# Chew food thoroughly and eat slowly
# Avoid chewing gum, it could block the stomach
outlet if swallowed
# Do not overeat
# Relax and enjoy your new life
Tips for doing it right:
# Drink 1 cup of water or low-calorie beverage
between each meal
# Fluids should add up to at least 6 cups (48
ounces) each day
# Sip slowly, make beverages last 30 minutes
# Finish drinking 45-60 minutes before meals
Sample Menu for Gastric Bypass Diet:
1. banana - 1/4 med
2. Scrambled egg - 1
3. toast, white -1/2 slice
4. margarine - 1 tsp
# Morning snack
1. graham crackers -2
2. pudding, sugar-free, made with 2% fat milk - 1/2
1. broiled chicken breast- 2 oz
2. carrots, boiled - 1/4 cup
3. margarine - 1 tsp
4. pasta salad - 1/4 cup
# Afternoon snack:
1. Fruit cocktail, water packed - 1/2 cup
# Evening Snack:
1. cheese, American - 1 oz
2. saltine crackers - 2
3. mustard - 1 tsp
1. haddock, baked or broiled - 2 oz
2. green beans - 1/4 cup
3. dinner roll - 1/2
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Gastric Bypass Diet and treatments and Surgeries. The
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