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India Profile  »  Medical Tourism In India  »  Surgery in India  »  Eye Surgery in India

Eye Surgery in India

Eyes are believed to be the mirror of human mind, where one can see heart's reflection. It's said that apart from your lips, your eye also speaks. It's actually a ball like thing in your body but the number of surgeries it can have definitely shows that it's a hugely complicated organ- infact the most complicated camera of the world.

Eye surgery better known as ophthalmic surgery or ocular surgery, is a surgery performed on the eye or its adnexa, typically by an ophthalmologist. Most of the eye surgeries can be performed by an experienced general ophthalmologist. However, more complex procedures are usually done by a fellowship trained ophthalmologist.

Different types of eye surgeries:


LASIK is a surgical procedure intended to reduce a person's dependency on glasses or contact lenses. LASIK stands for Laser-Assisted in Situ Keratomileusis and is a procedure that permanently changes the shape of the cornea, the clear covering of the front of the eye, using an excimer laser. A knife, called a microkeratome, is used to cut a flap in the cornea. A hinge is left at one end of this flap. The flap is folded back revealing the stroma, the middlesection of the cornea. Pulses from a computer-controlled laser vaporize a portion of the stroma and the flap is replaced. There are other techniques and many new terms related to LASIK that you may hear about.


Refractive eye surgery is any eye surgery used to improve the refractive state of the eye and decrease dependency on glasses or contact lenses. The most common methods today use lasers to reshape the cornea. Successful refractive eye surgery can help to reduce such commom vision disorders as myopia, hyperopia and astigmatism.

  #   Radial keratotomy (RK) is a refractive surgical procedure to correct myopia. In radial keratotomy (RK), incisions are made with a precision calibrated diamond knife. The incisions must be quite deep to cause central corneal flattening, and the procedure is not as precise as LASIK and PRK. Few surgeons now perform RK because it is less predictable.
  #   Arcuate keratotomy is still popular to correct astigmatism. It is also done with a diamond knife but in these cases, cuts are done parallel to the edge of the cornea.


Removal of the clouded lens (the cataract) entirely by surgery followed by replacement of the lens with an intraocular lens (IOL) of plastic, silicone, acrylic or other material is what is Cataract Surgery is all about.. The operation typically takes about an hour, is done under local anesthetic only, and does not require hospitalization. Most cataract surgery today is performed using a technique called phacoemulsification.

Different types of cataract surgery

There are two types of cataract surgery. Your doctor can explain the differences and help determine which is better for you:

  #   Phacoemulsification or phaco: A small incision is made on the side of the cornea, the clear, dome-shaped surface that covers the front of the eye. Your doctor inserts a tiny probe into the eye. This device emits ultrasound waves that soften and break up the lens so that it can be removed by suction. Most cataract surgery today is done by phacoemulsification, also called "small incision cataract surgery." Phacoemulsification is the most modern method of removing a cataract lens. This surgery is done under topical anaesthesia and no stitches are applied. This greatly reduces trauma to the eye.

  #   Extracapsular surgery. Your doctor makes a longer incision on the side of the cornea and removes the cloudy core of the lens in one piece. The rest of the lens is removed by suction. After the natural lens has been removed, it often is replaced by an artificial lens, called an intraocular lens (IOL). An IOL is a clear, plastic lens that requires no care and becomes a permanent part of your eye. Light is focused clearly by the IOL onto the retina, improving your vision. You will not feel or see the new lens.


Glaucoma is a group of diseases affecting the optic nerve that results in vision loss and is frequently characterized by raised intraocular pressure (IOP).

Different types of Glaucoma Surgery:

  #   Laser trabeculoplasty is a modification of the trabecular meshwork. Laser trabeculoplasty (LTP) is the application of a laser beam to burn areas of the trabecular meshwork, located near the base of the iris, to increase fluid outflow. LTP is used in the treatment of various open-angle glaucomas.
  #   Iridotomy involves making puncture-like openings through the iris without the removal of iris tissue. Performed either with standard surgical instruments or a laser, it is typically used to decrease intraocular pressure in patients with angle-closure glaucoma
  #   Iridectomy or a corectomy or surgical iridectomy, involves the removal of a portion of iris tissue. A basal iridectomy is the removal of iris tissue from the far periphery, near the iris root; a peripheral iridectomy is the removal of iris tissue at the periphery; and a sector iridectomy is the removal of a wedge-shaped section of iris that extends from the pupil margin to the iris root, leaving a keyhole-shaped pupil.
  #   Goniotomy and trabeculotomy are similar simple and directed techniques of microsurgical dissection with mechanical disruption of the trabecular meshwork
  #   Tube-shunt surgery or drainage implant surgery involves the placement of a tube or glaucoma valves to facilitate aqueous outflow from the anterior chamber.
  #   A ciliarotomy is a surgical division of the ciliary zone in the treatment of glaucoma


Corneal surgery
  #   Corneal transplant surgery
  #   Penetrating keratoplasty
  #   Phototherapeutic keratectomy
  #   Pterygium excision

Vitreo-retinal surgery
  #   Anterior vitrectomy
  #   Pars plana vitrectomy
  #   Pan retinal photocoagulation
  #   Retinal detachment repair
  #   Ignipuncture
  #   Laser photocoagulation
  #   Pneumatic retinopexy
  #   Retinal cryopexy
  #   Macular hole repair
  #   Partial lamellar sclerouvectomy
  #   Partial lamellar sclerocyclochoroidectomy
  #   Partial lamellar sclerochoroidectomy
  #   Posterior sclerotomy
  #   Radial optic neurotomy
  #   Macular translocation surgery

Eye muscle surgery
  #   Isolating the inferior rectus muscle
  #   Disinserting the medial rectus
  #   Myectomy
  #   Myotomy
  #   Tenectomy
  #   Tenotomy
  #   Tightening / strengthening procedures
  #   Resection
  #   Tucking
  #   Transposition / repositioning procedures
  #   Adjustable suture surgery

The Ophthalmology Department at Apollo Hospitals :

In the department of Ophthalmology in Apollo Hospitals they offer advanced expert surgical and non-surgical management of eye ailments using the most superior technology available.

Special equipment available for diagnosis and treatment at Apollo Hospitals:

  #   Carl-Zeiss Operating Microscope
  #   Lasik Laser
  #   Lacrimal Apparatus
  #   Yag Laser
  #   Occular Topograph
  #   Coherent Argon Laser Topcon Fundus Camera
  #   A-scan Biometer
  #   3mm Auto Refractometer
  #   Canon Wall mount Welch Allyn Ophthalmoscope
  #   Retinoscope Carl
  #   Zena KPM Perimeter Keratometer
  #   Shin Nippon Indirect Ophthalmoscope
  #   Visual Field Analyser
  #   Hiene Contact lens service

Apollo Hospital's Ophthalmology Department is at par to international standards. It treats deformities, injury related conditions and personal grooming requirements. Eye surgeries are quite familiar a business in Apollo Hospitals.

(In US $)
Twin Sharing
(In US $)
1) Cataract + Glaucoma 2 Days 2350 2000
2) Retinal Detachment 2 Days 2175 1900 offers diagnosis and treatment For Eye Surgery. Log on to it to get the information regarding the concerned diseases, its diagnosis and its different forms of treatments.

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