Artistic activity among all tribal cultures is an
integral part of life. It has a well defined function socially,
evolving from their interaction with nature and interpretation of its
mysteries. It usually serves as a channel of communication with
non-human forces, spiritual or otherwise.
Maithili painting, known
for their vibrant lines and striking colours, age written
by the tribal women of northern Bihar as preparation for religious
ceremonies and important festivities. They are also known as
Madhubani paintings. Madhuban, forest of honey, is Mithilas
largest district and one of the main centres of this art form.
Mithila, or Videha in
ancient times, lies in the northern Darbhanga district of Bihar. On
the northern front this region is marked off from Nepal by the
Himalayan foothills. In the south the rivers Ganga, Gandaki and Kosi
have secured it from the great plains of central India.